Palm Oil Processing

Webinar: Conversion of Refinery By-product PFAD to Biodiesel by Catalytic and Photocatalytic Processes

Webinar: Conversion of Refinery By-product PFAD to Biodiesel by Catalytic and Photocatalytic Processes
  • Date From 7th November 2022
  • Date To 7th November 2022
  • Price Free of charge, open to all
  • Location Online: 18:30 MYT. Duration: 1 hour


PFAD (palm fatty acid distillate) is a by-product of crude palm oil refinery product and is composed of 81.7% free fatty acids, 14.4% glycerides, 0.8% squalene, 0.5% vitamin E, 0.4% sterols and 2.2% other substances. Commonly, it is used in the animal feed and laundry soap industries as well as a raw material for the oleochemicals industry. Recently, a number of research papers are being produced on the potential of PFAD as the biodiesel feedstock. However, due to high FFA content, the saponification process has always been problematic. This talk will discuss and expose the catalytic and photocatalytic esterification processes, which were proven to have the potential in the future biodiesel production process.


Mohd Lokman Ibrahim, Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia

Dr Lokman is a senior lecturer at Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA. Currently, he is a Coordinator at Research Management Centre, Office of Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research and Innovation) and also positioned as an associate researcher at Institute of Science, and lead researcher of Industrial Waste Conversion and Technology Research Group, Universiti Teknologi MARA. Dr Lokman completed his PhD at Universiti Putra Malaysia in 2016, and his expertise is in the field of catalysis, photocatalysis, biodiesel production and waste materials conversion.

To date, Dr Lokman has published 56 refereed international top-tier research paper with total citation of 1254 citations, of which it gave him h-index of 23. He has awarded as an Excellent Service Award in 2019, UiTM’s Top Q1 author in year 2020 and 2021 and has secured 19 Research Grants consisting of International, National and Universiti’s Internal Grants which were used to fund his research activities. Currently, he is producing 7 PhD and 13 MSc students working on the catalysis research field for biodiesel production, pollution treatment and waste-material conversion.

The material presented in this webinar has not been peer-reviewed. Any opinions are the presenter’s own and do not necessarily represent those of IChemE or the Palm Oil Processing Special Interest Group. The information is given in good faith but without any liability on the part of IChemE.


18:30–19:30 MYT.


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This webinar is free of charge and open to all to attend, but if you wish to access the slides and a recording to replay on demand then you will need to be a member of the Palm Oil Processing Special Interest Group.

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